Field Trip - Geology

Go on an investigation of time and examine the geologic change that has taken place in the Eno River Valley. We will hike along cliffs and craggy areas to identify various rock types, find clues of change by geologic forces, and learn how people use rocks and minerals in their daily lives.  
  • Kindergarten

    Geology Concepts for Kindergarten include: 

    What rocks are below us that are slowly exposed over time 
    Learn about how the Eno River cut through and changed the landscape 
    Physical properties of different rocks and minerals (color, shape, and texture) 
    Observing signs left in the rocks and soil over time
    Physical features found on maps (bodies of water, mountains, valleys, etc)
    How people from the past used rocks and minerals 

    Essential Standard: K.P.1.1, K.P.1.2, K.P.2.1, K.P.2.2, K.E.1.1, K.L.1.2, K.G.1.1, K.G.1.3, K.G.1.2, K.G.2.2 

  • 1st Grade

    Geology Concepts for 1st Grade include:

    Humans’ relationship to and impact on rocks and minerals
    North Carolina soil types and how farmers utilize their different properties.
    How the minerals change the local flora throughout a region
    Physical features found on maps (bodies of water, mountains, valleys, etc.)

    Essential Standard:1.E.2.1, 1.E.2.1, 1.L.1.2, 1.L.1.3, 1.G.1.1, 1.G.1.3, 1.G.2.1, 1.G.2.2, 1.G.2.3

  • 2nd Grade

    Geology Concepts for 2nd Grade include:

    Different stages of the rock cycle and examples found in the Eno Valley
    How weathering affects rocks, minerals, and the landscape 
    Geologic timelines 
    Physical features found on maps (bodies of water, mountains, valleys, etc.)
    How people change their environment through obtaining and the use of minerals

    Essential Standard:  2.P.2.1, 2.P.2.3, 2.H.1.1, 2.G.1.2, 2.G.2.1, 2.G.2.2 

  • 3rd Grade

    Geology Concepts for 3rd Grade include:

    Forces behind the structure and change in the rock cycle (melting, heat, pressure, compaction, weathering, and erosion)
    Physical features found on maps (bodies of water, mountains, valleys, etc.)
    How minerals change the local flora throughout a region
    North Carolina soil types and how farmers utilize their different properties
    How rocks and minerals affect soil properties 

    Essential Standard: 3.p.2.2, 3.P.2.3, 3.E.2.1, 3.E.2.2, 3.L.2.2, 3.L.2.4, 3.G.1.1, 3.G.1.2, 3.G.1.3

  • 4th Grade

    Geology Concepts for 4th Grade include:

    Identification of minerals (hardness, color, luster, cleavage, and streak)
    Formation, classification, and composition of sedimentary, igneous, and metamorphic rocks
    Fossil formation and the inferred information fossils provide about past environments 
    Earth changing processes (weathering, erosion, landslides, volcanic activity, earthquakes)
    How people impact and shape the landscape

    Essential Standard: 4.P.2.1, 4.P.2.2, 4.P.2.3, 4.E.2.1, 4.E.2.2, 4.G.1.3, 4.G.1.4

     

  • 5th Grade

    Geology Concepts for 5th Grade include:

    Formation, classification, and composition of sedimentary, igneous, and metamorphic rocks
    North Carolina soil types and how farmers utilize their different properties.
    How rocks and minerals affect soil properties
    Early American settlers relationship and impact on the land 

    Essential Standard: 5.P.2.3, 5.P.3.2, 5.L.2.1, 5.G.1.1, 5.G.1.2, 5.G.1.3, 5.G.1.4

  • 6th Grade

    Geology Concepts for 6th Grade include:

    Examination of the layers making up Earth
    Geologic timeline of North Carolina 
    Formation, classification, and composition of sedimentary, igneous, and metamorphic rocks
    Parent rocks effect on soil formation, soil qualities, and environmental development  
    Humans relationship and impact on the lithosphere

    Essential Standard: 6.P.2.1, 6.E.2.1, 6.E.2.2, 6.E.2.3, 6.E.2.4, 6.G.1.1, 6.G.2.4